As you may have heard, Mexico is the country of “Fiesta” and there are plenty of them throughout the year. So, in the following paragraphs you will find a selection of the most important Mexican holidays and events.
Holidays: In Mexico there are 7 days throughout the year, when most workers are entitled to a day off with regular pay, which are known as “asuetos” (statutory holidays). If somebody is asked to work in any of these days, he or she is should get the double of his/her regular salary.
The 7 official asuetos in Mexico are:
January 1st – New Year’s Day.
February 5th – Constitution Day.
March 21st – Benito Juarez’s birthday.
May 1st – Labor Day.
September 16th – Independence Day.
November 20th – Revolution Day.
December 25th – Christmas.
Then, there are some other holidays that even though they aren’t official, they are quite important and celebrated all along Mexico, such as:
(March-April) Holy Week – Being a Catholic country, the Holy Week is one of the main holidays in Mexico.
May 5th – The 5 de Mayo holiday commemorates a Mexican victory over the French Army at the city of Puebla in Central Mexico. For mysterious reasons, 5 de Mayo has become the biggest Mexican holiday in the U.S., even when in Mexico is a minor one.
November 2nd – Day of the Dead is one of the most characteristically Mexican holidays and one of the most intriguing for foreigners. During the Day of the Dead celebrations, takes place a syncretism between pre-Columbian rituals and Catholic beliefs, resulting in a colorful and fascinating commemoration of the dead.
December 12th – Day of Our Lady of Guadalupe is arguably the main holiday for most Mexicans. It is said that maybe there are some Mexicans that aren’t Catholic, but all of them are “Guadalupanos”. On this day, Mexicans commemorate the Virgin apparitions to the indigenous St. Juan Diego, an event that single-handedly converted Mexico into Catholicism.
Events: There are also many events taking place along the year in the different Mexican destinations. In the following list you will find some of the most traditional events in Mexico:
March 21st & September 21st – Spring & Fall Equinoxes are widely celebrated in Mexico, especially at archaeological sites such as Chichen Itza and Teotihuacan
April – In recent years, the Mexico City Festival has become one of the most vibrant celebrations of art and culture in Latin America.
July – The Guelaguetza is a traditional dance festival in the city of Oaxaca. Near to tourist destinations like Huatulco and Puerto Escondido, the Guelaguetza has pre-Hispanic roots and attracts dancers from seven different indigenous cultures of the state.
October – The International Cervantino Festival is considered the most important festival in Latin America. With 40 years of history, the Cervantino is the prototype of cultural festivals. It takes place in the colonial city of Guanajuato, very close to San Miguel de Allende and Mexico City.